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40' High Cube Integral Reefer Container

Refrigerated and insulated containers are mainly available as 20' and 40' containers. A distinction may be drawn between two different systems:

1. Integral Unit (Integral Reefer Container, Integrated Unit):

This type of refrigerated container has an integral refrigeration unit for controlling the temperature inside the container. The refrigeration unit is arranged in such a way that the external dimensions of the container meet ISO standards and thus fit into the container ship cell guides, for example. The presence of an integral refrigeration unit entails a loss of internal volume and payload.

When being transported by ship, integral units have to be connected to the on-board power supply system. The number of refrigerated containers which may be connected depends on the capacity of the ship's power supply system. If the aforesaid capacity is too low for the refrigerated containers to be transported, "power packs" may be used, which are equipped with relatively large diesel generators and satisfy ISO requirements with regard to the dimensions of a 20' container. When at the terminal, the containers are connected to the terminal's power supply system. For transport by road and rail, most integral unit refrigeration units are operated by a generator set (genset). This may either be a component of the refrigeration unit or connected to the refrigeration unit.

Air flows through the container from bottom to top. In general, the "warm" air is drawn off from the inside of the container, cooled in the refrigeration unit and then blown back in the container as cold air.

To ensure adequate circulation of the cold air, the floor is provided with gratings. Pallets form an additional space between container floor and cargo, so also forming a satisfactory air flow channel. In addition, the side walls of the container are "corrugated", which ensures satisfactory air flow there too.

In the upper area of the container, adequate space (at least 12 cm) must likewise be provided for air flow. For this purpose, during packing of the container adequate free space must be left above the cargo. The maximum load height is marked on the side walls.

To ensure vertical air flow from bottom to top, packaging must also be appropriately designed and the cargo must be sensibly stowed.

In addition to temperature regulation, integral units also allow a controlled fresh air exchange, for example for the removal of metabolic products such as CO2 and ethylene in the case of the transport of fruits.

In the refrigeration units, both the supply and return air temperatures are measured and, depending on the operating mode, one of these values is used to control the cold air. Temperature measurement may be performed in various ways. The Partlow recorder generally records return air temperature, since this provides an indication of the state or temperature of the cargo. Data loggers are increasingly used, which detect temperature digitally and indicate it on a display. Once transferred to a PC, the data may then be evaluated.

The temperature display is attached to the outside of the refrigeration unit, so that operation of the unit may be checked at any time.

Digital or analog recorders may also be positioned directly in the cargo, so as to measure temperatures inside the container. The recorder should be accommodated in such a way that it records the temperatures at risk points in the container (inside the packaging, top layer at door end).

Integral units may be stowed both above and below deck on a ship. Above deck stowage has the advantage that the heat from return air may be more readily dissipated. However, the containers are often exposed to strong solar radiation, leading to increased refrigeration capacity requirements.

Dimensions/weights

The following are some of the most important details relating to refrigerated container types.
The data was taken from Hapag-Lloyd, Hamburg.

Integral Unit: 40' long and 9'6" high, with steel frame, walls of sandwich construction
Internal dimensions Door openings Weights Volume

[m≥]
Length

[mm]
Width

[mm]
Height

[mm]
Max. load height

[mm]
Width

[mm]
Height

[mm]
Gross

[kg]
Tare

[kg]
Net

[kg]
11643 2288 2498 2378 2288 2517 30480 4180 26300 66,5
11575 2294 2560 2440 2286 2570 32500 4300 28200 68,0
11568 2290 2509 2389 2290 2473 32480 4240 28240 66,4
11580 2288 2498 2378 2288 2517 30480 4180 26300 66,2
11580 2290 2513 2393 2290 2522 30480 4180 26300 67,0
11580 2286 2528 2408 2286 2545 30480 4000 26480 67,0
11580 2286 2515 2395 2286 2535 30480 4150 26330 67,0
11578 2295 2550 2425 2290 2560 30480 4640 25840 67,8
11585 2290 2525 2405 2290 2490 34000 4190 29810 67,0
11577 2286 2525 2400 2286 2490 34000 4110 28890 66,8
11577 2286 2532 2407 2294 2550 34000 4190 29810 67,0
11583 2286 2532 2412 2294 2550 34000 4120 29880 67,0
11595 2296 2542 2402 2294 2550 34000 4190 29810 67,7
11578 2280 2525 2400 2276 2471 34000 4150 29850 66,8
11578 2280 2525 2400 2276 2471 34000 4240 29760 66,8
11578 2296 2542 2402 2294 2550 34000 4300 29700 66,7


phone    +380 56 - 797 70 05
fax        +380 56 - 721 95 55
email     info@marinetrans.eu


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